Spartacus lived between the years 120 BC-70 BC, was a gladiator-slave who was involved in a great slave uprising against the Roman Republic, at the conclusion of the Third Servile War. He is remembered for being a historical figure that fought for his oppressed people, for their rights and freedom. Spartacus fought against a huge State in his quest, which had great authority.
Spartacus was a resident of Thracian who served in the Roman army as an auxiliary, who was disgraced and then sold into slavery. As a Thracian styled combat fighter, Spartacus fought with a round shield and a short sword and became a gladiator because of the greatness of his strength.
Spartacus was a part of an army which consisted of over 120,000 escaped slaves and since the number of slaves outnumbered the Roman citizens, Spartacus and his army were a serious threat to the Romans.
The Roman Senate sent Claudius Glaber, a praetor to fight against the rebels using an army of 3,000 and besieged the Spartacus and his army on Vesuvius but Spartacus and his army went down the other side of the mountain where they had been fighting and came up behind the Roman soldiers and attacked them with an element of surprise. In this attack, the biggest portion of the Roman soldiers was killed, including Claudius Glaber.
Two more Roman legions were defeated by Spartacus and his army of men. They took a break from fighting and sat quiet during the winter, making their weapons on the south coast.
Many people joined Spartacus and his army and the people included women, the elderly and children who followed behind the army and when spring arrived, they marched toward the north and were headed to Gaul.
The Senate was alerted that Spartacus and his large group were coming and he told two councils, Gellius Publicola and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus, which each held two legions who were going to fight against this army who were ready to attach them.
The Gauls and Germanic groups were slain because they separated from Spartacus and his army. They were attacked and defeated by the Publicola, where Crixus was also slain.
Lentilus lost in the battle against Spartacus and then the army of Publicola was defeated, as well. After defeating the consular armies, Spartacus and his men headed toward the north, where they also defeated another legion which was operated by Gaius Cassius Longinus.
Spartacus and his followers were later crucified, which was made up of 6,600 followers who were slaves, along the Via Appia, which is also called the Apian Way, between Capua and Rome. For years, the dead bodies were seen by people who passed by the area because Crassus never gave permission to take the bodies down for the army of people to have proper burial.
J. Carter translates a story about the Appian Way, (Carter, 1996), which tells us about the area known for the crucifixion of Spartacus and his followers.