Scientific Revolution

Modern historian says that scientific revolution caused significant changes in the world view, because the ideas of the universe were changed as well as scientific approaches. Nevertheless, many scientists who played important role in the scientific revolution respected the ancient learning and ancient pedigrees were cited for their innovations. For example, ancient and medieval ancestries were traced in the ideas of heliocentric system. Therefore it is claimed that 17th century was a period of revolution changes in scientific approaches. Scientific revolution developed not only experimental and theoretical discoveries, but also the way of scientific thinking. Actually, Brahe, Galileo and Kepler contributed scientific revolution and their discoveries are used nowadays in astronomy, physics and other sciences.

Galileo haven contributed significantly the development of astronomy, because he improved the telescope and was the firs to observe the stars and the sky. Furthermore, he managed to make magnification 3x and to improve models of telescopes up to 32x. Galileo is famous for his telescopic astronomical observations. For example, in 1610 he discovered three largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Callisto and Europe. Moreover, Ganymede was discovered four nights later. It is known that Galileo was the first to observe Milky Way, Neptune, Venus, sunspots, lunar craters and mountains. (Cohen 1994)

Kepler also contributed the development of astrology and astronomy, though differences between these sciences were less evident in those times. His impact on physics is also apparent. He made and attempt to find mathematical relations to be at the base of the nature. Actually, Kepler is famous for discovering the universal laws such as laws of planetary motion. Celestial bodies were applied to terrestrial physics. Known Kepler’s laws are elliptical orbit law, equal-area law and law of periods. Brahe’s contribution is also related to the astrology development, because he discovered Supernova star in the Cassiopeia. Furthermore, Tychinic system is also his contribution. (Cohen 1994)

References

Cohen, H. Floris. (1994). The Scientific Revolution: An Historiographical Enquiry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.