Religion Education: Matrimony and Holy Orders

Canonical Age of Marriage Process 1. Courtship – 3 months- 1 year * 35 – 40% 2. Dating – cultivate love (2 yrs) * 50 – 65% * Fall back 3. Engagement / Bethrothal – 1-2 yrs * 98% * 2% – reserve for him 4. Marriage – Family Church Teachings 1. CCC, 1603 – God Himself is the author of marriage * sacred 2. Code of Canon Law, 1055 – the sacrament that makes the people of God his co-creator and nurturer of life 1056 – unity/indissolubility – essential characteristic Co-creator and nurturer of life * Husband and wife share one love (unitative love)and procreative love * Indissolubility – only the death of one partner can make marriage null and void 3. Vat. II, Gaudium et Spes, 50 * Married couples should regard their mission to transmit human life and to educate their children 4. CFC, 512 – married couples must have their own path of holiness Holiness – by having a faithful love 5. Family Consortio, 83 * The Church and society should do all they can to preserve marriage Characteristics * Marriage is a Covenant Both parties should give to each other unconditional love unconditional love – a love that lasts forever – Freely given – no string attached * Marriage as Sacrament – marriage is a special sign of God’s Love Purpose of Marriage 1. To develop husband and wife as Christian 2. To procreate and raise new people 3. To proclaim the message of Jesus Effects: 1. A relationship of indissoluble love 2. Increase of sanctifying grace 3. Help for married couples to become better Christian Sacrament of Matrimony Matter: Ring Minister: Bride and Groom Formula: I, N take you N….. to be my wife.

I promise to be true to you in good times and in bad, in sickness and in health, I will love you and honor you all the days of my life *marriage – where in we are going to enjoy and be responsible, satisfying and safe sex *613 laws in the Bible – multiplying laws IMPEDIMENTS in the Bible – obstacles or restrictions 1. Existing Marriage – one who is married cannot marry while the other party is still living 2. Coercion – contracting parties must give their consent freely * Forcing other party to marry against her will 3. Below Age Requirement – b/g below the canonical age are forbidden to marry 4.

Consanguinity /Blood relationship 5. Close Affinity – a widow cannot marry the direct line of relatives of his dead spouse 6. Spiritual Affinity 7. Disparity of worship 8. Legal relationship 9. Solemn Vows 10. Imbecility Rites of Matrimony 1. Introduction 2. Statement of Intentions 3. Consent – utterance of formula 4. Reception of Consent 5. Exchange of Rings (Sign of your love and fidelity) 6. Liturgy of the Eucharist HOLY ORDERS – The sacrament of service and leadership for people who want to devote their entire living to the preaching of the gospel and to the nourishing of God’s family.

Church Teachings 1. Vat. II, Life of Priests (Presbyterorum Ordinis), Nos. 12-13 * Priests are configured to Christ the priest as servant of the Head, so that as co-workers 2. Vat. II Dogmatic Constitution on the church (Lumen Gentium), No. 18 * To increase its number without cease 3. Catechism for Filipino Catholics, 1970-1971 * Priests are ordained to be sacraments of Christ configured to Christ 4. Acts and Decrees of the Second Plenary Council of the Philippines (PCP II), No. 520, 522 * Preaching the word of God is the primary task of the ordained ministry MEANING of HOLY ORDERS BISHOP 1.

The word comes from EPISCOPOI, meaning OVERSEER 2. He is a successor to the Apostles * in union with the Pope 3. He is the spiritual “father” of the local Church/diocese 4. He is the chief priest and pastor of a diocese 5. He is the symbol of service to the people of God PRIEST 1. The word comes from PROSBYTEROI, to refer to the elders 2. He helps the bishop and is the bishop’s extension into the diocese. 3. He presides at Eucharist * Leads the people and serves 4. He serves the lord and the community by celebrating the sacraments 5. He is a symbol by his prayerful witness to the Lord’s presence DEACON 1.

The word comes from DIAKONOI which means SERVERS 2. This revived order can include married and single men of mature age 3. He is ordained by the bishop. He serves God by doing the following: *baptizing, anointing the sick, distributing communion, reading the Bible, officiating at marriage and funerals, administering the sacraments, doing works of charity RITE of ORDINATION FOR PRIESTS 1. Introduction 2. The call to Priestly Ministry 3. The Asset to Serve 4. Ordination The ordination ceremony concludes with vesting of the new priests with chasubles, anointing of the hands with Chrism 5. Liturgy of the EUCHARIST

Liturgical Seasons *Spring Equinox – Easter will always fall on a Sunday after the full moon not earlier than Mar. 17 but not later than April 22 1. Advent Season * A 4 week preparation of the coming of the Son of man that lasts before the eve of Dec. 24 2. Christmas Season – a celebration of the Mystery of Incarnation that starts from the eve of Dec. 24 until Sunday of Feasts of Lights 3. Lenten Season – a celebration of the Paschal mystery which culminates at the Easter Triduum 4. Easter Season – the peak of celebration in the Liturgical Year Calendar (LYC) because we remember the Resurrection of the Son of God