Industrial Attachment Report

Eni E & P Division commenced activities in Nigeria in 1962 through a wholly owed subsidiary NAOC Limited. Activities of Eni in Nigeria have grown over the years resulting in the establishment of other companies. These include the Agip energy and Natural Resources [Nigeria] Limited operating in the shallow water offshore and the Nigerian Agip Exploration Limited, which concentrates on the deep water frontier region.

NAOC Limited operates in the land swamp areas of the Niger Delta, under a joint venture arrangement with NNPC, NAOC, and ConocoPhillips, with concessions lying within Bayelsa, Delta, Imo and Rivers states covering a total area of 5,313 sq. km comprising of four blocks. Eni activities in Nigeria have demonstrated a strong commitment to active involvement of the host communities in her operations as a panacea to assured sustainable development in the region.

In over 40 years of its operation in Nigeria, NAOC has been actively involved in the promotion of socio- economic development and fruitful relationship with its host communities in the Niger Delta. With its stong commitment to Coperate Social Responsibility backed by more than three decades of experience in the field of oil and gas, NAOC always intended to exploit another vital source of energy: AGRICULTURE. INTRODUCTION OF GREEN RIVER PROJECT [G. R. P] G. R.

P – an integrated modular rural development program designed to improve the living standards of the agrarian population of the Niger Delta was launched in 1986 by NAOC in response to call of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to all oil companies to develop the primary sectors in their concession area. It became one of the highest contributions made by NAOC Limited towards Sustainable Community Development in Nigeria. Through the effective G. R. P unified agricultural extension service delivery system, these objectives were met and today NAE has assisted farmers in the rocurement of improved farm inputs, constructed fish hatchery complexes, agro- processing machines, improved seeds/ seedlings for farmers, formed cooperative societies and organised capacity building programmes for farmer. CHAPTER 3 SPECIAL OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT DURING THE i. T. PERIOD 3. 0 SOIL LABORATORY DEPARTMENT. The goal of soil laboratory in NAOC operational area is to manage the soil in such a way that soil is not alimiting factor in agriculture i. e. to maintain the fertility of the soil. Parameters used in soil samples are: – pH [20grams] – electrical conductivity[20grams] exchangeable acidity[10grams] – available phosphorus[5grams] – organic carbon[black=0. 25, yellow=0. 5, sandy yellow=1. 0grams] – cations[sodium, potassium, magnesium,calcium 5grams each] – texture[25grams] 3. 1 How to register soil samples • Soil sample is received from different locations/ farmers • Soil sample is registered with the names of the farmers, the date the soil sample came and the locations where the soil sample is coming from. • The soil sample is transferred into electrical oven and it is dried for 2- 3 days. • Use 2mm siever to process the soil samples, then it is ready for weighing.

Equipments in the soil laboratory electrical oven, electronic weighing balance, spectronic 20D+ metre, pH metre, electrical conductivity metre, centrifuge machine, soil auger, mechanical shaker, 2mm sieve, spatula, stir rod, distillation unit machine, vapormatic machine, mortar and pestle, universal dispenser, fridge, computer, measuring cylinders, graduated pipette and burette, volumetric flask, beaker, test tube, fume chamber e. t. c. 3. 1. 1 How to analyse for pH – Arrange 20ml of plastic container serially Weigh 20grms of soil sample into the container by using electronic weigh balance – Measure 50ml of distilled water into the soil sample by using measuring cylinder. Use the stir rod to stir the mix samples for 2- 3 times. Allow for 1 hour – Take the final reading after 1 hour with microprocessor metre [pH metre] N. B. Before the pH metre, check whether the buffer of the metre is at 7. 00 3. 1. 2 How to analyse for electrical conductivity – The method used for the pH is the same as electrical conductivity but the difference is that the electrical conductivity is analysed using conductivity metre and the reading is taken in microsimes. . 1. 3 How to analyse exchangeable acidity – Arrange 250ml plastic container serially – Weigh 10grms of soil sample into the containers – Add 100ml of KCl into the soil sample by using measuring cylinder – Cork the plastic container – Transfer the mix solution into mechanical shaker and shake for 1 hour by setting the nod of the shaker at 900. – Arrange 100ml of conical flask serially with the aid of funnel and filter paper. – Filter out the mixed solution into 250ml conical flask – Add 2- 3 drops of phenolphytalin indicator into the 250ml conical flask Use NaOH for the titration, before titrating make sure you zero the graduated burette. – The end point is from colourless to pink 3. 1. 4 How to analyse phosphorus – Arrange 100ml of plastic container serially – Weigh 5grms of soil sample into the container – Add 40mls of Bray 1 solution into the container – Cork and transfer into mechanical shaker and shake for 5 minutes by setting at 500 – Arrange 300ml digestion tubes serially with the aid of funnel and filter paper – Filter out the mixed solution into liquid form – Pipette out 1ml of the liquid solution into another 300ml digestion tube Weigh 0. 300g of ascorbic acid into 200ml volumetric flask. Measure out 50ml of ammonium molybdate into the same 200ml volumetric flask. Use distilled water to make up the mark of the flask. Cover and shake thoroughly – Pipette out 9ml of the mixed solution that contain i] 0. 3g of ascorbic acid; ii] ammonium molybdate; iii] distilled water into 1ml of the liquid solution in the 300ml digestion tubes – Cork the 300ml digestion test tubes and shake thoroughly and allow for 1 hour before taking the final reading – The final reading is taken using spectronic 20D+ metre N. B.

Set the wavelenght of the machine at 882 and set the data in transmittance. Set the filter from 600- 950nm. Set the 0% T at 0. 00 and 100% T at 100. 3. 1. 5 How to analyse organic carbon – Organic carbon is weigh based on their colour – Use mortar and pestle to crush, weigh soil sample according to their colour into 250ml conical flask – Add 500ml of potassium dichromate into 250ml conical flask. Add 100ml of H2SO4 in each of the flask. Then leave the solution for 1 hour – Measure 100ml of distilled water in each of the flask – Add 2- 3 drops of ferroin indicator in each of the flask and ready for titration using Mohr salt When titrating, observe colour change from yellowish to greenish to reddish being the end point 3. 1. 6 How to analyse for texture – Arrange 250ml plastic container serially – Weigh 25g of soil sample into the container – Add 5ml of calgon solution in each of the container. Also add 100ml of distilled water – Cover and transfer into mechanical shaker. Shake for 3 hours by setting the nod at 900 – Transfer the mixed solution into 500ml measuring cylinder – Distill water should be used to make up the mark on the cylinder – Take the first reading at 4 hours interval by using hydrometer in 40 minutes Take the first temperature by using thermometer – Take the second reading in 12 hours by using hydrometer. Also take the second reading of the temperature. 3. 2 FISHERY DEPARTMENT The special operation carried out in the fishery department is the artificial propagation of fiish also known as hypophysation. 3. 2. 1 Brood stock selection It starts with the selection of females from brood stock ponds. Ideally, brood fish should weigh between 300- 800grms, with larger fish being difficult to handle and often resulting in substantial egg losses prior stripping.

A female fish is selected by: – A protuding stomach from which ripe eggs can be obtained by slightly pressing the abdomen towards the genital papilla – A swollen, sometimes reddish or rose coloured genital papilla For the male brood stock, it should be larger than 200g and not less than 7-9 months. 3. 2. 2 Hormone injection The most common technique is to induce final maturation and ovulation in African catfish is to in ject the female with hormones or pituitary glands material. Ovaprime injection can be used. 3. 2. 3 Maturation processes and stripping ot the eggs

After injecting the female fish, after about 10- 12 hours, the eggs in the fish are ready for stripping. The speed of the process is dependant upon matter temperature, the higher the temperature the quicker the eggs ovulate. Stripping of the female spawners is carried out by gently pressing their abdomen with a thumb from the pectoral fin towards the genital papilla. Ovulated eggs are collected into a dry and neat plastic container. The male can’t be stripped and consequently the sperm is obtained by sacrificing a male.

The male is dissected from the genital upward to bring out the milt sac. A scissors is used to cut the milt sac gently into the eggs and mix with it. A solution of 1 litre of water to 0. 9g of salt is prepared. The salt solution is added gently into the mixture of sperm and egg. Mix thoroughly. Then add abt 300g of normal water to separate the sticky eggs. 3. 2. 4 Incubation of the fertilized eggs A kakaban[receptacle to receive the eggs] is placed in the hatching trough and the eggs are poured little by little. This process is called incubation.

The hatching trough should be covered to generate heat. The incubation takes between 20- 24 hours depending on the temperature. After 3-4 days, the yolk sac will be absorbed and the hatching is visibly developed into fryers. 3. 3 LIGHT MECHANISATION AND AGROPROCESSING Industry revolution started ang gear towards natural endowement. Farm mechanization is all about increase in outputs. The special operation carried out in this department is that I was taught how to drive a minitractor also know as the multifunctional kit.

I was also taught about different parts of tractor and the mechanisms by which tractor operates. I also saw how various agricultural implements such as tractor,planting machine, disc plough, ridger, trail harrow, subsoiler, rakers e. t. c. operates. I also operated various agroprocessing machines such sheller, thresher, dryer e. t. c. Moreover, I was taught the modernized way of drying sea foods especially crayfish, fish, prawn and shrimps using chorkor. 3. 4 EXTENSION DEPARTMENT An extension activity was done with the various extension officers in charge of different locations.

I went to different Niger Delta states to give new innovations to the farmers, to advise them on the agricultural principles to adopt and to distribute improved seeds, seedlings, tools and machineries free of charge to the farmers in their host communities. To also tell the rural farmers that their crops is not doing well because of their primitive ways of farming and not because of the oil spillage. We went on different field tours and trips to different places such as the Burma Rice farm, Bayelsa Oil palm limited Elebele Yenagoa, Obama plant propagation centre, Oguta farms and so many too numerous to mention.

Various cooperative societies were formed such as Paga – ebinyo women cooperative society, Mgbede Cooperative society, Okwuzi young farmers society e. t. c. Meetings were also held with them too. 3. 5 CROP PRODUCTION UNIT Different crops were planted in the crop production department ranging from annual to perennial crops. The special operation carried out was the cultivation of pineapple plantation, yam minisett technique and banana/ plantain multiplication centre. 3. 5. 1 Pineapple plantation

This was started by doing land preparation and taking the soil sample and testing for the fertility, then adding the required fertilizer to the land. Mapping of the land and farm layout was done. After that, extraction of plaintain suckers[slit, crown, side, basal suckers] was done and planted using planting distance of 80 by 70cm with furrow space of 1. 5m. it was a very educative experience for me. 3. 5. 2 Banana/ Plaintain multiplication centre Green River Project with collaboration with International Institute of Tropical Agriculture[IITA], constructed it for the rapid multiplication of banana and plaintain seedlings.

CHAPTER FOUR CONCLUSION In conclusion, the student industrial working experience was a very splendid, educative, enlightening and interesting experience for me. I thank the management of this great citadel of learning for providing us with the oppurtunity of experiencing what it is to become a working class. I learnt a lot of things and gained a lot of experience. I practised what was being taught in class, I also know the challenges that are facing people in the working sector. I also met people and made connections that can be useful for me in future.

RECOMMENDATION – There should be proper planning of the school calender so that students will be able to plan ahead of time and know what awaits them. – The LAUTECH research farm should be re- equipped and stocked with various animals and plant so that the students will be able to learn and gain in all aspect of agriculture. – The student shouldn’t be overworked and overstressed on the farm for effectiveness and efficiency of work. – To make sure that all assigned supervisor from LAUTECH checks on their student and know how they are faring. –