Capital Development Authority (CDA) The Capital Development Authority (CDA) came into existence on June 14, 1960, first by an executive order issued on June 24, 1960 entitled the Pakistan Capital Regulation, which was then superseded by the CDA ordinance issued on June 27, 1960. The CDA Ordinance constituted the Authority, laid down its charter and defined its power, duties, functions and responsibilities.
Initially the administration of the Authority and its functions were handed responsibility to a board consisting of three members: the Chairman, Financial Advisor and one other Member with the commissioner Rawalpindi acting as an ex-officio Member. With time, experience and added responsibilities, the CDA board is now composed of the Chairman and Members of Planning, Finance, Administration, Estate, Environment and Engineering. Each member is in charge of various directorates comprising highly qualified, experienced and capable professionals in various fields and disciplines.
A city grows exponentially. It burgeons, develops character, branches, expands and intensifies. The people of the city, the population of the city swells and grows. With growth, the city’s residents expect. They expect housing, shelter, education, health, recreation. They expect to be provided with the best infrastructure possible. Responding and fulfilling those expectations is the job of the CDA. The people of Islamabad have always enjoyed the best standards of living; lush greenery, temperate weather, plentiful rain and beautiful terrain.
It is a matter of pride for us to be responsible in great part for the legacy, the now and the next for Islamabad. Several across-the-board improvements have been put into motion for the city; development, building, self-improvement, infrastructure rehabilitation and expansion. CDA undertakes three types of projects: • Self financing- CDA uses its own money. • PSDP- Gov provides funding. • Deposit work- Different departments provides funding to utilize the expertise of CDA for completion of their own projects. Saidpur model village is self finance project of CDA in which CDA use its own money.
Allocation of funds is from June to June every year. First installment was approver in the budget of 2006-2007 amounted 255 M. the other three installments were amounted 100M, 50M ; 20 M. Introduction People often describe Islamabad as a city without a soul. Actually, Islamabad’s soul is not to be found in the city itself, but on the fringes of the city. One such village is Saidpur, situated just off the Margalla Road, hardly a 5 five minutes drive from the upscale neighborhoods of Islamabad. Saidpur is a very old village — 4 or 5 hundred years old — with a history and heritage and, of course, its own myths and folklore.
It is nestled in the Margalla hills overlooking Islamabad. Built along the slope of the hills, and gradually creeping upwards, the village presents a picturesque view, particularly in the soft light of morning or afternoon sun. A newly built adobe gate welcomes visitors to the village. Built somewhat in Pueblo style, the gate seems to have been virtually lifted from Santa Fe, New Mexico and planted in Saidpur, Islamabad. [pic] The things that surprise visitors as soon as they enter the village are a green domed mosque and a Hindu temple, prominently situated and newly restored and painted.
A little removed from the temple, to the left, is a small building with two orange colored domes. A plaque on this building, written in what appears to be Gurumukhi, suggests it might have been a gurdwara or a Sikh shrine. Between the temple and the ‘gurdwara’ is a neat, 2-storey building that was an orphanage (dharamsala) at one time. The temple is mentioned in the Punjab Gazetteer of Rawalpindi district of 1893-94, which suggests it is over a hundred years old. It’s amazing that a temple and gurdwara survived in a village that had no Hindu or Sikh population since 1947. [pic]
Saidpur is also known for making unglazed pottery. The distinct cultural identity of Saidpur has always been its pottery and it has always been known as the “potters’ village. ” Two old potters of the village, Niaz Muhammad and Rahim Dad still run their workshops in the village. Zinda Pir’s bethak or the “sitting place of the living saint”, as the place is called, is the spot where the saint is supposed to have sat and worshipped. The place is situated at the base of a rock and is enclosed by a low brick wall with decorative holes in it. Two large banyan trees cover the whole place like a huge umbrella.
Several layers of satin chadors (cloth sheets), inscribed with holy verses, are spread on top of each other at the spot where the saint is believed to have sat, each chador placed by a devotee in return for a prayer fulfilled by the saint. Outside the enclosure, there is a grave of a woman who is believed to have spent all her life sitting and praying at the shrine. She is known simply as Mai Ji. Every Thursday evening, folks visit the shrine, light candles or ‘diyas’, place them in the holes in the walls, say a prayer and go away presumably with a lighter heart.
They also light candles at the Mai Ji’s grave. Looking down at the village from the hillside shrine, in the soft light of the setting sun, it is truly an uplifting sight. The road to the village was being carpeted with a fresh layer of tarmac; wooded areas were being cleaned of the undergrowth; a rustic fence was erected along the road leading to the village, and haystacks suddenly sprouted along the road to give a rural look to the area. [pic] Saidpur is a place one ordered garden-manure from or Saidpur is a place where one bought bakras (goats), particularly black bakras, for slaughtering to eek divine help on occasions such as groundbreaking of a house, birth of a baby boy, an upcoming exam or a possible promotion, a serious sickness, or to ward off any evil one suspect might befall him or her. History Brief History Saidpur Village nestled in the lap of Margalla Hills just off the Margalla Road. Saidpur is named after Said Khan, the son of Sultan Sarang Khan, the Gakhar chief of the Potohar region during Emperor Babur’s time. Emperor Jahangir’s memoir, Tuzke Jahangiri, mentions Jahangir halting at a place “beyond Rawalpindi”, on his way to Kabul.
From his description it seems the place was Saidpur. The village was originally established in 16th centaury. Building features convey an excellent blend of different civilizations and portrays a great attraction for the tourists, foreign diplomats, scholars, and historians as well. A cultural caravan comprising archeologist, historians, scholars and renowned citizen visited Pothohari Region in 2005, recommended to preserve sites of historical, religious and cultural importance which includes Saidpur Village.
The project was conceived with an idea to attract tourists as a tourist is now tired of seeing high rise buildings and attracting towards old historical and cultural reviving indigenous art. [pic] [pic] Village Saidpur had been acquired long time back during 1960’s particularly in 1967 by the Capital Development Authority (CDA). Chairman, CDA along with concerned board members visited the sites and resolved to preserve the hidden cultural and historical treasures. In 2006, CDA Board declared Saidpur as a Model Village.
Saidpur is being developed into a tourist attraction, and CDA is spending a lot of money and efforts on restructuring the old village and giving it a quaint look. Architectural Objectives ; Scope Architectural Objectives ? To create a unique visual and spatial attraction for tourists based on village traditional architecture. ? To preserve and revive folk methods of construction and space design. ? To enhance the Margalla hills environmental impact with a green recreational spot for tourists. ? To Upgrade the Saidpur village environment with proper infrastructure and services. To Integrate Saidpur Village with Cultural and Heritage Activities of Pothohari Region. ? To develop self-sustaining institutions for craftsman of Saidpur. ? To boost up economic activity of the region. Scope of “Saidpur Model Village” Project ? Up gradation of Saidpur Village. ? Preservation of the local Heritage. ? Establishment of Tourists attraction Spots. ? Bring improvement in the Life standards of the Locals. Committee Members Development ; Management Committee A. Chairman of the Committee ¦ Mr. Kamran Lashari B. Official Members ¦ Deputy D. G. Environment, CDA. Chief Landscape Architect, CDA. ¦ Director Regional Planning CDA ¦ Director Land ; Rehabilitation, CDA ¦ Deputy Commissioner ICT, Islamabad ¦ Director Project Saidpur Model Village, Member/Secretary C: Private Members: ¦ Dr. Ghazanfar Mehdi ¦ Miss. Sara Hashwani ¦ Miss. Sofia Shahid ¦ Engr. Mr. Zaheer Khan ¦ Mr. Amjad Butt (Local) ¦ Mr. Azhar Kiani (Local) ¦ Mr. Muhammad Ashraf (Local) ¦ Raja Abdul Majeed (Local) D: Civil Works and E;M Members: ¦ Chaudhary Noor Zaman ; Company ¦ Uni traders ¦ KK Engineers ¦ MS Deacon ¦ Messer’s Exceed private ltd. ¦ Messer Shigri construction company. MS Riaz and sons. Layout Plan ; Break Down of Project Layout Plan [pic] Break Down of Project The basic design concept of tourist village outlines the design criteria for a dramatic and diverse built historic and natural environment offering a wide variety of attractions and amenities to a broad spectrum of local residents and visitors. It will be shortly recognized both nationally and internationally as a unique source of attraction for tourists and will promote healthy cultural activities in the federal capital. PC-I of the project amounting to Rs. 397. 47 million comprises of the following main items of work:- a. Civil works b. Internal/external electrification c. Soft landscaping d. Water supply and sewerage system e. Miscellaneous The project has been divided into three parts showing three different Zones to be constructed. Zone-I Zone-I shall house art and craft village and beautiful designed kiosks at various locations depicting folk heritage and to promote traditional culture of Pakistan. Certain existing structures falling in alignment of proposed development shall have to be demolished for which a comprehensive demolition plan has been prepared.
Rehabilitation plan for the effectees is prepared which includes construction of houses. The structures/ buildings, which are not to be disturbed, shall be upgraded blending it with overall theme of project. A properly designed car parking on western side of existing Saidpur road has also been planned to be constructed with material conducive to the project. Architecturally designed gate way at entrance of tourist village at start of zone 1 shall be provided reflecting the cultural heritage and the basic concept of the project. Zone-II The Saidpur comprises of preserving an existing old building in the vicinity hich present house Federal Government School for girls. The old architectural building has been planned to be converted into a restaurant which will serve dual purpose by not only providing eating facilities to visitors but shall also provide an opportunity to visualize and appreciate old rich culture and civilization of the area. Photo Gallery is also established in this zone. Majority of the structure shall be retained and uplifting with such finishes blending with nature / old heritage. The new building for school has been designed keeping in view the environmental/cultural impact.
The school shall be re-located and shifted into the new premises and further work of restoration shall be taken in hand. Besides demolition of certain new building falling in alignment of project, restoration of structures planned to be retained shall be carried out keeping in mind the overall concept plan. Improvement of existing behbood building located at eastern side of project shall also be carried out. An adequate shopping area in zone-II has been planned and proposed. The shops to be constructed have been typically designed reflecting rich old culture of the area.
These shops shall sell souvenirs and other such materials. The basic concept of this zone is related to restoration of historical architectural style and face lifting of indigenous architecture. Properly designed sit out area shall be provided for dinners at south west entrance of restaurant. Zone-III The basic concept of this zone is manifold comprising of restoration and uplifting of existing available structures falling in alignment of secondary route to depict the cultural heritage properly illuminated with light fixtures. 400 years old wall is also preserved.
Old green valley landscape has been considered to be preserved to give an overall improved out look. The primary route adjacent existing nullah shall be upgraded by providing footpath on either side of nullah embankment with green on both sides to maintain surrounding harmony. A properly designed sewerage network has been proposed to be laid to cater to the sewage disposal of the surrounding area. Provision of shops on the secondary routes has also been catered for in the proposed design of project. Certain new construction not blending with the concept of the project shall be demolished.
Uplifting of building falling on secondary routes shall be done with naturally available material to give a homogenous look resulting in up-gradation of mostly dilapidated structures, wooden shelters at appropriate location shall be constructed to facilitate visitors. [pic] Project Statistics ; Financial Review Brief Statistics of the Project ? Currently Saidpur village has 100acres of area and 1300 living units. ? PC-1 of Rs. 397. 047 Million approved in 2006. ? PC-1 completed in Dec. 2009. ? Phase-2 yet to start PC-1 of phase-2 is under process of approval. ? Actual Expenditure was Rs. 425 Million.
Financial Review |Approved cost of phase 1 |Rs. 397. 047 M | |Actual Expenditure |Rs. 425. 000 M | |Funds allocation in 2006-07 |Rs. 255 M | |Funds allocation in 2007-08 |Rs. 100 M | |Funds allocation in 2008-09 |Rs. 0 M | |Funds allocation in 2009-10 |Rs. 20 M | Although the PC-1 of Saidpur model village is completed but not in true sense as it was planned. The projects actual cost was 27. 953M more than the estimated cost because of increased inflation and overhead costs. But according to provision of PC-1 of Saidpur Model village CDA can spend up to 15% more of the estimated cost in the project. The project was supposed to be completed in 2008 but it delayed and ended on Dec 2009.
The reasons for its delay were ? Community issues and litigation problems ? Administrative changes in CDA ? Financial crisis- funds release problem Cost Report |Task Name |Estimated Cost |Actual Cost | |construction |$196. 36 |$201. 86 | |building |$146. 74 |$146. 74 | |repair and restoration |$49. 2 |$55. 12 | |soft landscaping |$96. 32 |$102. 32 | |construction of stone wall |$3. 14 |$3. 64 | |flooring |$53. 04 |$53. 04 | |routes and roads |$22. 07 |$27. 57 | |foot path and walk ways |$12. 7 |$12. 87 | |horse track |$5. 20 |$5. 20 | |water supply and severage |$61. 42 |$66. 99 | |water systems |$43. 70 |$43. 70 | |grills at water works |$2. 72 |$8. 2 | |pipelines |$15. 00 |$15. 00 | |internal and external electrification |$28. 15 |$33. 65 | |decorative lights |$19. 60 |$19. 60 | |usage lights |$8. 55 |$14. 05 | |miscellaneous works |$12. 0 |$18. 30 | |protection work |$9. 80 |$11. 30 | |antique wooden furniture fixing |$1. 00 |$3. 00 | |signage and dustbins |$2. 00 |$4. 00 | |advertisement and promotion |$2. 00 |$2. 0 | |brouchers |$2. 00 |$2. 00 | |TOTAL |$397. 05 |$425. 12 | MS Project Work [pic] [pic] Then, entered task names and their duration and then assigned predessesors. gantt chart formed. Print screen of gantt chart and net work diagram is shown below. [pic] [pic] [pic] [pic] Critical path method is not available so, we selected the haveli side houses breakdown to show all that: pic] CPM [pic] Work on MS Visio; to show the suggestions and future prospects; [pic] Benefits ; Issues Benefits of project • It has provided economic boost by providing job opportunities to the local residents and recreational facilities to the tourist and visitors. • It helped to preserve prestigious glory and cultural heritage. • It is source of attraction for both national and international tourist. • Various festivals are held here. • Saidpur pottery is appraised by tourist as the potters have made aero plane and train with clay along with many other things. CDA is generating approx 8M revenue per annum from this project at present. • Test of fine arts students of NCA are held here. Issues faced by Local Community ? To Issue notification declaring that Village has been conserved / preserved for the residential purpose of Original Bonafide Natives. ?
Restoration of legal rights (seized vide awards issued by CDA) for bonafide native residence and issuance of ownership letters to each of them. ? Speedy and appropriate rehabilitation of already effected natives, (original bonafide) and future effectees. Native – non-Native Partnership: Associate the suitable bonafide original natives with non native investors in each and every commercial opportunity emerged in model village project. Preference should be given to effectees of the project. ? Employment opportunities available in Saidpur should only made available to bonafide natives. ? Retention of original bonafide native members in the CDA Management Committee under local quota and the number of the seats in above referred quota should be enhanced from four to eight seats in order to broad the base of this important forum for effective and progressive working. Immediate activation of Saidpur Committee empowered vide CDA Board decision is requested. ? Issue of none native residents who have not contributed agricultural land or any built up property at the time of acquisition of Saidpur Village, may be settled in the light of CDA’s prevailing policy in consultation with Saidpur Village Committee using Survey Report made by the Project Management team of CDA. ? To maintain a database pertaining to bonafide original natives with reference to extent of their contribution of land or built up property availed by CDA. To establish a dispute resolution forum in order to deal with the pending / long awaited issues pertaining to acquisition of agricultural land / built up property and provide relief to aggrieved persons in this prospective ongoing project to maintain a litigation free environment in future. Requirement of Infrastructure Facilities • Supply of natural Gas.
• Establish Hospital / Dispensary / Ambulance station attached with CDA Hospital. • Provision of Public Transport. • Establish Skill Development institute for male / female artisans. • Community Centre for local community. Space for graveyard as there is no space left in old graveyard. • Extended Sanitation System. • Fumigation to control mosquitoes flies etc. • Establish Utility Store / Fair price shop for local community. • Shooting of street dogs • Cleaning of the orchards by removing wild bushes etc. • Establish a well coordinated security system comprising on trained personnel. Administrative Requirements/Issues • Security Staff/Guards: 30 No. • Sanitation Staff: 30 No. • Maintenance Staff 10 No. • Shifting of Taxis and Suzuki Vans of Locals to the outer car parking. • Check on the new unauthorized construction. Restrict visitor’s vehicles to the outer car parking. • Licensing to the Open Vendors Conclusion, Future Prospects ; Suggestions Conclusion Saidpur Model village is one of the charismatic locations in the capital city Islamabad. The Capital Development Authority is developing Saidpur into a tourist attraction by spending nearly 425 million rupees on resurrecting the old village and giving it a quaint look. Although the project is not completed in the true sense as it was planned but it still beautifully reflects real cultural heritage of our rural society. Future Prospects
Capital Development Authority (CDA) will further expand and beautify Saidpur Model Village to enrich its attraction for tourists. PC-I of phase 2 is still under the process of approval. The future plans include • Construction of historically architectural designed restaurant at foothills of mountain valley. • Construction of Kids plays area to provide playing facilities to children accompanying visitors and construction of picnic spots and recreational points for visitors. • Construction of wooden deck at ridge of the valley to facilitate visitors to have an overview of the entire area. Chairlift from Saidpur valley to Munal. • Hiking tracks across the valley. • Fitting of sewerage septic tanks. Suggestions ? Steps for cleaning and saving the natural stream flowing through Saidpur from pollution should be taken. [pic] ? The directorate of municipal administration should formulate proper policy for renting or leasing of shops and other outlets in the village in a transparent manner. References Personal ? Tahir Mehmood, Deputy Director CDA Web ? www. travelspedia. com/South-Asia/Pakistan ? www. flicker. com ? www. opfblog. com ? www. travelspedia. com ? www. theviewspaper. com